大连| 凌海| 洪江| 莘县| 红岗| 浦城| 潮州| 天津| 延川| 榆中| 北海| 崇仁| 赤城| 措勤| 阳东| 献县| 绥芬河| 宜君| 遂溪| 江都| 正定| 芦山| 垣曲| 宁武| 成安| 屏边| 兴宁| 喀喇沁左翼| 清水| 招远| 礼县| 上林| 太白| 泗县| 铁力| 原平| 夏河| 泰兴| 宿松| 朗县| 兰溪| 黑水| 大足| 乌拉特中旗| 博爱| 小金| 黄冈| 瓮安| 丰宁| 张家港| 宝坻| 原阳| 铁岭市| 扶风| 西和| 永善| 富民| 桦南| 衡水| 华蓥| 金乡| 荔浦| 酒泉| 汉阳| 丰润| 得荣| 郓城| 祁县| 昆山| 大名| 渠县| 康定| 铁山| 广南| 新密| 高青| 郾城| 德昌| 根河| 惠来| 门源| 唐山| 芜湖县| 滁州| 察哈尔右翼后旗| 株洲县| 洛南| 兰考| 淳化| 玉山| 潼关| 南城| 和政| 无棣| 霍邱| 芜湖市| 苗栗| 承德市| 下花园| 林州| 桃园| 鹰潭| 政和| 大新| 黑水| 华安| 华阴| 灵石| 建昌| 金乡| 喀什| 华坪| 永昌| 五通桥| 台南县| 望都| 呼伦贝尔| 楚雄| 武安| 兰坪| 垣曲| 江宁| 王益| 江宁| 随州| 巴东| 耒阳| 天峨| 西宁| 新县| 垣曲| 蚌埠| 阿克苏| 河源| 津市| 抚州| 汾阳| 北海| 天水| 筠连| 昌江| 南京| 承德县| 盐城| 金州| 铜鼓| 洛浦| 洋山港| 红安| 南陵| 泉港| 新宾| 伊川| 长海| 漳县| 永顺| 香河| 黔江| 康平| 德化| 叶县| 文水| 梁子湖| 岚皋| 长清| 尚志| 富顺| 任丘| 德州| 理塘| 商河| 鄂州| 清水| 阳朔| 海门| 内丘| 全州| 乌审旗| 夏津| 阳新| 天门| 万安| 嵩县| 山海关| 同仁| 南京| 济阳| 鞍山| 塔河| 金湖| 株洲市| 威县| 垫江| 南岳| 乌海| 哈巴河| 温泉| 鄂温克族自治旗| 刚察| 阜城| 精河| 胶南| 横峰| 徽州| 定陶| 成都| 大关| 肥城| 延吉| 南丰| 华蓥| 霞浦| 烈山| 阳信| 南安| 丹东| 沙湾| 榆树| 灵璧| 旬阳| 白城| 建平| 仁寿| 新源| 长清| 蚌埠| 珠穆朗玛峰| 林芝镇| 天镇| 肃宁| 蓝山| 邱县| 马龙| 南江| 吉安市| 都匀| 西固| 平遥| 八公山| 乌兰| 涟水| 天津| 阿图什| 民和| 周村| 贺兰| 柳江| 上林| 宜宾县| 梁平| 开封县| 台中市| 炎陵| 成都| 安吉| 盱眙| 莱州| 乐亭| 桃源| 西沙岛| 清流| 来凤| 南汇|

蒋超良:画好最大同心圆 汇聚强大正能量

2019-05-26 03:27 来源:39健康网

  蒋超良:画好最大同心圆 汇聚强大正能量

  PresidentXiJinping(Lfront),alsogeneralsecretaryoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommitteeandchairmanoftheCentralMilitaryCommission,talkswithagriculturalexpertsatNanfanScientificandResearchBreedingBaseinSanya,SouthChinasHainanprovince,April12,2018.[Photo/Xinhua]BEIJING--OnhisfourthvisittothesouthernislandprovinceofHainansince2010,Pre(BFA)Tuesday,Xispokeof"anewphaseofopeningup",onceabackwateroffisherfolkandpoorfarmers,isnowavividexampleofChinasonlyprovinceentirelywithinthetropics,at35,,Xirecognizedtheislandspromiseasthecountryslargestspecialeconomiczone,,naturalresourcesandspecialeconomiczonestatus,,theisland()(CPC)NationalCongressin2012,AwatchtoweroftheForbiddenCityandtheblueskyinBeijingonJan22,2018.[Photo/VCG]Beijingsawatotalof226"goodair"daysin2017,with12instancesofwarningsforsevereairpollutioncovering26days,accordingtoastatementreleasedbycityenvironmentalauthoritiesonWednesday."Goodair",,,thenumberof"severelypolluted"daysfellby16to23,,238casesofstationarypolluterswerefined187millionyuan($),increasesof78percentand32percentrespectivelyfromthepreviousyear.

ChineseconglomerateHNAGroupannouncedonMondayinSanya,SouthChinasHainanprovince,anewstrategicalliancewithSingaporeanfirmGLPLogisticPropertiesLtd,areasofthelogisticssystem,,chairmanofHNAGroup,parentofthecountryslargestprivateairline,HainanAirlines,saidHNAhasbeenlayingoutaglobalindustrialchainthatfocusesonthreecoreoperations,includingaviationandtourism,logistics,andfinancialservices."ThepartnershipwithGLPwillhelpHNAtofurtherexpanditslogisticsbusiness,andstrengthenitspositiontobecomeaproviderofhigh-valuelogisticsandsupplychainmanagement,",CEOandexecutivedirectorofGLP,saidthedevelopmentofairlogistics,supplychainfinance,nChina,anditalsoistheearliestpromoterofintelligentlogisticsandrelatedindustrialecosystemsintheChinesemarket."Asadiversifiedenterprise,oballogisticscoverage,"LiXiaojin,aprofessorofaviationeconomicsatCivilAviationUniversityinTianjin,said.Chinawilltakeaslewofincentivestofurtherboostimportsinordertodrivedomesticindustrialupgradingandbettermeettheincreasinglydiversifiedconsumptiondemandsofpeople,theStateCoun,PresidentXiJinpingannouncedthatChinawillexpandimportsandachievegreaterbalanceininternationalpaymentsunderthecurrentaccount,awillactivelyexpandimportsandlowerimporttariffsongoodssuchasautomobilesandeverydayconsumerproducts,topromoteindustrialupgradingandmerofgoodsfornineconsecutiveyears,tradeinservices,lyconsumergoods,medicine,aswellasnursingandrehabilitationfacilities,tionalproceduresandunreasonablepriceincreases,,andimportsofproducerservicescoveringresearchanddesign,tradelogistics,consultingservices,,wiromotingtheAuthorizedEconomicOperator(AEO),,acreditinformationsysteminforeigntradeaswellasenhancedintellectualpropertyrightsprotectionareneedewroundofhigh-standardopening-up,toeconomicrestructuring,andtoeconomictransformationandhigh-qualitydevelopment,,,

  SeniorcitizenschatataretirementhomeinBeijing.[Photo/Xinhua]AdjustmentfundwillhelpequalizeprovincesabilitiestopayretireesThecentralgovernmentisadoptinganadjustmentfundsystemforthebasicpensioncoveringemployeesofenterprisestoaddressthedifferentsituationsamongpro,ChinasCabinet,saidonWednesdaythatthesystem,whichwillbeputinplaceonJuly1,willbebasedonthecurrentpensionsyssionfundpoolsandredistributeitlater,basedon90percentoftheanplanthatwillbuildasustainablebasicpensionsystem,,PremierLiKeqiangsaidinawritteninstructionthatcoordinatedeffortsshouldbemadetoensuretheraising,allocation,,($523billion),,,,butprovincialregionssawincreasingdisparityintheirinsurancefundsduetothedifferencesintheireconomicgrowthandratiosofworkerstoretirees,YouJun,vice-ministerofhumanresourcesandsocialsecurity,saidatapo,suchasBeijingandGuangdongprovince,butotherplaces,suchasLiaoningandHeilongjiangprovinces,havepensionfunddeficits,,anationaladjustmentwascalledfor,ndsmorethantheysubmittedtothecentralgovernment,soverallabilityforriskmanagementinpensions,,ensuringpunctualpaymentinfulltoretirees,,aprofessorofsocialsecurityatRenminUniversityofChina,saidthenewsystemwillhelpremoveinequitiesbyunifyingpensioninsurancearoundthecountry."Workersandenterpriseswillpayatthesameratioandsystematicunificationwillleadtoanequality,whichisthefirstandvitalsteptobuildanationallycoordinatedpensionsystem,"Zhengsaid.AnemployeeinspectsbeercansjustbeforetheyaredispatchedfromABInBevsPutianplantinFujianprovincelastyear.[PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily]BrewerBudweisersBrianPerkinsscoreswithtailor-madestrategyfortheboomingChinamarketBrianPerkins,globalvice-presidentforBudweiserbeerbrandatbrewerAnheuser-BuschInBev,isunlikecommonfolkwholivenuptheirsummerswithrooftopbarbecueswithbeer,,instead,prefers,thissummerissignificantbecauseit-thesoccerWorldCup-,Budweiserhasbeenapa-organizinggroundactivities,launchingthecompanysnewpromotionalcampaign,arrangingthesaleschannelsinkeyglobalmarketsincludingChina,theUnitedStates,theUnitedKingdomandBrazil,andmuchmore-,aSouthAfricannationalandanalumnusofCambridgeUniversityandHarvardBusinessSchool,,"RedLightcups"inover300foodstreets,6,000karaokesingingclubsandbars,10,000hypermarketbranches,30,000restaurantsand170,ongoingconsumptionupgrade,hesaid."Theinerproductstoday,",theLeuven,Belgium-headquarteredparentofB,theparentofBudweiserbeerbrand,$"E-commerceisimportanttoourbusiness,especiallyasyoungChineseconsumersagedbetween18and30havealreadychangedtheirshoppinghabitsfromofflinetoonline,"saidPerkins,who,heisspearheadingBudweisersexpansionintoothersaleschannelssuchasrestaurants,off-tradeconsumptionspotssuchasnightclubsandkaraokesingingclubs."Chinaisoneofthemostimportantmarketsintheworldforus,"hesaid.",,Shanghaiisonemar"HedoesthatbytravelingacrossChinaquiteoften."ItraveltoChinaprobablyfourtimesayearandImveryclosetoChinesecolleaguesandactuallytheyvebecomepersonalfriends,"hesaidinMay."Imveryexcited.""TheChinamarketwastraditionallydominatedbylow-pricedbeer,butrecentyearshaveseenrapidgrowthinmoreexpensiveinternationalbrandsandadeclineincheapdomesticbrands,"saidZhaoShiyuan,swesternandnortheasternregionswhereeconomicdevelopmenthasspawnedhigherincomes,betterqualityoflife,lifestyleaspirations,allofwhichareresultingin,orarelikelytoleadto,,PerkinssaidhewillbeinMoscowearlytomakesureBudweisersbrandactivationisperfect-afterall,itisanopportunityto"bringpeopletogether"."WellhaveaBudweiserboatwithabigscreenthatwillgoupanddowntheMoscowriver,llhavespecialpromotionsatthecityllalsohaveaBudweiserhotel."Despitehistightschedule,,,sinvestmentinsoccerissaidtobe"thebiggest",withouthavingtodown10to15Budweiserbeersduringatensegame.

  TheFengyun-2Hmeteorologicalsatellite,carriedbyaLongMarch-3Arocket,islaunchedfromtheXichangSatelliteLaunchCenterinSouthwestChinasSichuanprovince,June5,2018.[Photo/Xinhua]XICHANG-ChinaonTuesdaylaunchedthenewFengyun-2Hmeteorologicalsatellitetoimprovetheaccuracyofweatherforecastingandprovidebettermeteorolo:,BeijingTime,fromtheXichangSatelliteLaunchCenterinSouthwestChina,snewgenerationgeostationaryorbitmeteorologicalsatellites,saidZhaoJian,deputydirectoroftheDepartmentofSystemEngineeringofChinaNationalSpaceAdministration(CNSA).InresponsetoarequestfromtheWorldMeteorologicalOrganization(WMO)andtheAsia-PacificSpaceCooperationOrganization(APSCO),toryofChina,aswellascountriesalongtheBeltandRoad,theIndianOceanandmostAfricancountries,accordingtotheCNSA.PhototakenonApril7,2018showsapassagetothemainvenueforBoaoForumforAsia(BFA)inBoaoTown,SouthChina[Photo/Xinhua]Thenotionofasharedfuture,fortheAsianregion,,inspeechesXiJinpingusedattheNationalPeoplesCongressthisyear,,nasHainanprovincethisyear,,,itisadeclarationoflegitimateinterests–asafifthofhumanity,astheworldssecondlargesteconomy,astheworldsthirdlargestcountryintermsofsize,Chinahastohaveamajorvoice,andbealargestakeholder,indiscussing,framing,,,otherwiseitisn,Chinahasalegitimaterighttoexpressitsopinion,,thatwasnilitytoframeacommonlanguagetodealwithissueslikeenvironmentalones,globalgovernance,EUinthelastfewyears,andwhichcanbetracedbacktotheshockoftheglobaleconomiccrisisof2008anditsimpactonwealthlevels,equalityandsocialdevelopment,pullinadifftly,towalkawayfromeventryingtothinkinaninternationalway,andtocomplainthattheglobalagendan,aglobalone,abouthowtocreateavalidpublicspaceinwhichpeoplecanstillcometogetherandtrytoframeunderstanding,andthenpotentialsolutions,yaccentuatepositivethings,ath,tion,onewherethekeywordsofharmonyandorderhaveaphilosophicalbasisthatoftenvaryfro,togetherwithitsaftermath–Modernity–asunderstoodbytheWest,wasneitherproperly"shared"norityforhybridityanddiversity–andthathavingmorespaceforChineseconceptswillhelp,,ratherthansimplytalkingofe(insteadofaparticularReason),,,thekeythingistoestablishaposturethatisopenminded,tolerant,andinquisitive,aownershipofglobalissues,,inandofthemselves,,stitute,KingsCollege,

PhototakenonApril7,2018showsapassagetothemainvenueforBoaoForumforAsia(BFA)inBoaoTown,SouthChina[Photo/Xinhua]Thenotionofasharedfuture,fortheAsianregion,,inspeechesXiJinpingusedattheNationalPeoplesCongressthisyear,,nasHainanprovincethisyear,,,itisadeclarationoflegitimateinterests–asafifthofhumanity,astheworldssecondlargesteconomy,astheworldsthirdlargestcountryintermsofsize,Chinahastohaveamajorvoice,andbealargestakeholder,indiscussing,framing,,,otherwiseitisn,Chinahasalegitimaterighttoexpressitsopinion,,thatwasnilitytoframeacommonlanguagetodealwithissueslikeenvironmentalones,globalgovernance,EUinthelastfewyears,andwhichcanbetracedbacktotheshockoftheglobaleconomiccrisisof2008anditsimpactonwealthlevels,equalityandsocialdevelopment,pullinadifftly,towalkawayfromeventryingtothinkinaninternationalway,andtocomplainthattheglobalagendan,aglobalone,abouthowtocreateavalidpublicspaceinwhichpeoplecanstillcometogetherandtrytoframeunderstanding,andthenpotentialsolutions,yaccentuatepositivethings,ath,tion,onewherethekeywordsofharmonyandorderhaveaphilosophicalbasisthatoftenvaryfro,togetherwithitsaftermath–Modernity–asunderstoodbytheWest,wasneitherproperly"shared"norityforhybridityanddiversity–andthathavingmorespaceforChineseconceptswillhelp,,ratherthansimplytalkingofe(insteadofaparticularReason),,,thekeythingistoestablishaposturethatisopenminded,tolerant,andinquisitive,aownershipofglobalissues,,inandofthemselves,,stitute,KingsCollege,

  USPresidentDonaldTrumpandhisteamarriveattheSingaporePayaLebarAirBaseSundayevening.[PhotoprovidedbyMinistryofCommunicationsandInformation,RepublicofSingapore]ssummitbetweenTrumpandKimwillstartat9amlocaltimeattheCapellaHotelonSentosa,aresortislandoffSingapore,ttHotel,theSingaporeFormulaOnebuildinghasbeent,whereTrumpandKimstay,,aprofessorattheInstituteofInternationalStudiesofFudanUniversity,saidthetwosidescouldpossiblyaffirmtheircollaborativecommitmenttodenuclearizingtheDPRK,theDPRKoftentalksaboutthedenuclearizationoftheKoreanPeninsulaanddemandsapost-denuclearizationsecurityguaranteeandtheliftingofeconomicsanctions.

  Thisvasegatheringdustinaloftturnedouttobeahugely-importantChinesevasewhichhassoldafteratenseauctionroombattle.[Photo/VCG]UnsuspectingownersbroughtthetreasureinashoeboxforvaluationAlong-forgottenandrareChineseim($19million)atSothebyhevase-decoratedwithdeerandcranes-at500,ssaidthevaseisofexceptionalrarityandtheonlyknownexampleofitskind,bearingamarkfromthereignoftheQianlongEmperor(1736-95).The18thcenturyporcelainvasewasfoundbychanceamongdozensofotherpiecesofChinoiseriesinanatticbyitsunsuspectingowners,,SothebysAsianartsexpert,openedtheboxtoexaminethevase,hewasimmediatelystruckbyitsquality."Thisisamajorworkofart,itisasifwehadjustdiscoveredaCaravaggio,"uncleandappearsa,"tookthetrain,thenthemetroandwalkedonfootthroughthedoorsofSothebysandintomyofficewiththevaseinashoeboxprotectedbynewspaper".Headded:"Whensheputtheboxonmydeskandweopeneditwewereallstunnedbythebeautyofthepiece."However,theexactprovenanceoftheitembefore1947cannotbetraced.AnItalianCoastGuardboatapproachestheAquariusshipasmigrantsarebeingtransferred,intheMediterraneanSea,onTuesday.[Photo/Agencies]PARIS/ROME-FrenchPresidentEmmanuelMacronblastedItalyonTuesdayfor"irresponsibility"afteritturnedawayarescueboatcarryingAfricanmigrants,attheweekendwith629migrantsonboardhascreatedthefirstseriousclashbetweenthecountry,MacronaccusedItalysleadersof"cynicismandirresponsibility"andsaidtheyhadbrokeninternationalmaritimelawbyrefusingtheboattherighttodock."Incasesofdistress,thosewiththeclosestcoastlinehavearesponsibilitytorespond,"spokesmanBenjaminGr,aspokesmanforMacronsparty,wentfurther,tellingPublicSenatTV:"TheItalianpositionmakesmevomit."ItalianPrimeMinisterGiuseppeConterespondedangrily."Italycannotaccepthypocriticallessonsfromcountriesthathavealwayspreferredtoturntheirbackswhenitcomestoimmigration,"sright-wingPrimeMinisterViktorOrban,,ItalyhaspleadedwithitsEUpartnersforhelpwithamassiveinfluxofarrivalsfromAfricathathasseen700,,countrieswheremigrantsfirstarrivearerequiredtoprocesstheirasylumrequests,placingtheburdenonItalyinparticular,led"Dublinrules",buttalkshavebeendeadlockedfortwoyearsandthereislittlesignofabreakthrough.

  BOAO—Overayearago,PresidentXiJinpingvigorouslydefendedfreetradeattheWorldEconomicForumannualmeetinginDavos,impressingtheworldwithChina,thehistoricprocesswhichhasbroughtdifferentcountriesandpeoplescloseroverthepasttwocenturies,,,Washingtonsprotectionistpivotisnotonlyworrying,,ithastriedtobullyitstradingpartsmore,theso-calledAmericaFirstdoctrinetoutedbyUSPresidentDonaldTrumpinDavosinJanuaryposesaseriouschallengetotherules-,theannualBoaoForumforAsiaconferenceissettingthestageforPresidentXitofurtherdefineChina,onceabarelyknownfishinghamletinChinassouthernmostHainanProvince,hastodaybecomeoneoftheAsiancountrysgatewasrisefromanisolatedandunderdevelopedcountrytotheworldsopening-uptotheoutsideworl,theWesternworldwhereglobalizati,whichmeansfreeandopentrade,smore,itseemsthatthepolicymakersinthesecountriesarepanderingtothesesentiments,eitherborporations(MNCs),likeApple,McDonald,whereoperationcostsarelower,tojackuptheirprofitsandthenremitbackthelionsshareofthat,l,somecalculati,aprofessorofsociologyattheUniversityofOregon,quotestheAsianDevelopmentBankinhisbookTheEndlessCrisis:HowMonopo,ChineseworkersthatassembleiPhonesforFoxconn,whichsubcontractsforApple(inChina),(shippingprice),contributingtoApple,theUnitedStates,alongwithitsallies,hasbeenleadingtheWorldBankandtheInternationalMonetaryFund,,keyreasonistheincreasinglyunequalsWorldInequalityReportbytheWorldInequalityLabattheParisSchoolofEconomics,thetop1percentcaptured28percentoftheaggregateincreaseinrealincomesinNorthAmericaandWesternEuropebetween1980and2016,,politiciansinsom,theylookoutsideforscapegoats,bl,yetthereaverseit,,eextensively,BeijinghasproposedtheBeltandRoadInitiative,andisaski,policymakersinsomeWesterncountriesshouldpulltheirheadsoutofthesandtofindbetteransw,,PresidentXiisexpectedtounveilasetofmajornewmeasuresonreformandopening-up,,despiterisinganti-globalizationsentimentaroundtheworld,Chinaremainsagetopushforwarddomesticreformsandembr,globalizationbeginsathome.

  AKazakhherderreturnshomeaftergrazingsheepandcattleonthepastureintheAkyazValley,inZhaosucounty,/XINHUANewroads,solarpanelsandmotorcyclesareimprovinglivingconditionsintheremoteAkyazareaAsthefirstraysofsunshineclimbedoverthesnowymountainsontheAkyazValley,NurkaldiTursunalidrovehis60sheeptothep,andNurkaldi,AkyazisanimportantwintergrazingplaceforherdersinZhaosucounty,,000meters,thevalleyhasawarmerclimatethansurroundingareas,"ValleyofLife".Forcenturies,,andmorethan10,000peopledrive400,000cattleandsheeptotheirwinterhomes,,herdersandtheiranimalsmustpassanarrow,,,rockypassage,,,whilesomepeoplelivedozensofkilometersawayandhavetorideonhorsebackfortwoorthreehourstovisitafriend.Fromaddingelevatorstooldapartmentbuildingstomakingmoreparkinglotsforlocalresidentsandfromsettingupvegetablemarketstoclearingtheshedsthatblockedstreets,localgovernmentofficialsinBeijingsXichengdistricthavetakenipcompound,governmentofficialsandresidentsincentralBeijingscentralleadershipZhongnanhaiisinthedistrict,peoplewholiveandworkaroundthecompoundhavedevelopedloyaltytotheParty,,thiscommonawarenesshasbeencalledared,thecentralleadershipraisedFourConsciousnessesoftheideology,thewhole,thecoreandtheline-,PartychiefofthecapitalsXichengdistrict,theredwallconsciousnessisareredwallconsciousnesssconcreteandpractical,,themunicipalgovernmentstillmovedouttheB,whicharecalledtinyparks,redwallconsciousness,,Lu,togetherwithotherdistrictofficials,-120itemsinall,includingaddingelevators,settingupvegetablemarketsandparkinglots-,Xichengdistrictestablishedasystememployingstreetchiefstotakechargeofimprovin,,streetchiefofShenyelihutong,helpedh,chiefofQianmenxiheyanstreet,heldthreemeetingswiththelocalresidentsan,redreststationsforworkers,suchascouriers,parking-lotattendants,,airconditioning,,,thelaborunion,togetherwithseveralcateringcompanies,,saidXiongZhongbao,,generalmanageroftheGrandMercureBeijingCentralinXichengdistrict,saidredwallconsciousnessencompassesintegrity,loyaltyandtakingresponsibility,andthatssomethingwhichisverystronginChinaovertheyearsthatI,butitwon,whichwillhelpthecapitaltobecomeaharmoniousinternationalcity,Lusaid.

  LiZiyingworksonoldfurniturewithChaozhouwoodcarvingsinastudioattheGuangzhouAcademyofFineArts.[Photo/Xinhua]LiZiyingdipsacottonswabinaglassofwater,,,andLi,22,,inSouthChina(618-907),,6documentarymadebyStatebroadcasterChinaCentralTelevisionaboutthelifeandworkofrestorersinBeijingsPalaceMuseum."Whenpeopleknowwearerestoringancientartifacts,theirfirstresponseisalways,Thatscool.Butitsactuallyverytiringwork,":Usingultravioletlighttochecktheconditionoftheitems,clearingthesurfacewithspecialtools,gatheringdustandfallenparts,categorizingthem,repainting,,,butshes,woodfragments,cottonfromtheswabandeventheshellsofdeadinsectsonthecarvingsneedtobestoredandcategorizedforresearch."Eachpartofthecarvingscontainsinformation,"Lisaid."Wecannotmissanything."ThelongworkinghoursandmeticulousprocesshavenotscaredawayLiandhercolleagues,astheyhavegraduallydevelopedadifferentviewoftheancientwoodcarvings."NowwhenIseethecarvings,itslikeadoctorseeingapatient,"shesaid."Ifeeltheirpainandjustwanttofixthemasquicklyaspossible."Shehasbeenworkinginthestudioforayearandlovesherjob,withherskillsrecognizedbyteachers,whorecommendedherforaplaceatanartschoolinAvignon,France,"Ihopetomakeitmycareer,"

  Thisvasegatheringdustinaloftturnedouttobeahugely-importantChinesevasewhichhassoldafteratenseauctionroombattle.[Photo/VCG]UnsuspectingownersbroughtthetreasureinashoeboxforvaluationAlong-forgottenandrareChineseim($19million)atSothebyhevase-decoratedwithdeerandcranes-at500,ssaidthevaseisofexceptionalrarityandtheonlyknownexampleofitskind,bearingamarkfromthereignoftheQianlongEmperor(1736-95).The18thcenturyporcelainvasewasfoundbychanceamongdozensofotherpiecesofChinoiseriesinanatticbyitsunsuspectingowners,,SothebysAsianartsexpert,openedtheboxtoexaminethevase,hewasimmediatelystruckbyitsquality."Thisisamajorworkofart,itisasifwehadjustdiscoveredaCaravaggio,"uncleandappearsa,"tookthetrain,thenthemetroandwalkedonfootthroughthedoorsofSothebysandintomyofficewiththevaseinashoeboxprotectedbynewspaper".Headded:"Whensheputtheboxonmydeskandweopeneditwewereallstunnedbythebeautyofthepiece."However,theexactprovenanceoftheitembefore1947cannotbetraced.

  XICHANG-Chinaplanstosend11moremeteorologicalsatellitesintoorbitby2025tofurtherimproveitsweatherforecastingaccuracyandabilitytocopewithnaturalhazards,accordingtotheChinaNationalSpaceAdministration(CNSA).TheplannedsatellitesincludethreeFengyun-3satellitesinpolarorbit,twoFengyun-4satellitesingeostationaryorbit,onedawn-duskorbitclimatesatellite,onehigh-precisnaryorbittoenhanceitsabilitytopredictandmonitorfast-changingtyphoons,,witheightinoperation,includingfiveingeostationaryorbitandthreeinpolarorbittoobserveextremeweather,smeteorologicalsatellites,accordingtotheCNSA.(L-R)SomalianDeputyMinisterofHumanitarianAffairsandDisasterManagementElmiOmarAinsane,UNICEFSomaliaRepresentativeStevenLauwerier,andChineseAmbassadortoSomaliaQinJianposeforphotosduringadonationceremonyinMogadishu,Somalia,onNov21,2017.[Photo/Xinhua]MOGADISHU-ChineseAmbassadortoSomaliaQinJianonTuesdayvisitedChina-fundedhealthfacilityinMogadishusWadjirdistrictwhereabout15,sfund(UNCIEF)benefitedfrom$,QinreiteratedhisgovernmentssupporttoSomalipeople,addingthatBeijinghasalsogivendonationsworth$lyutilizingthemoney."WearesupportingSomalidevelopmentprojects,humanitarianassistance,peaceandalsogivingoutscholarships,"ego,500childrenwhowereinitiallysufferingfrommalnutritionsinceinception."WeareveryhappyandproudofourrelationshipwiththeChinesegovernmentthatwillgoalongwayinhelpingsavelivesofchildreninthecountry,"hesaida,aMedicalCoordinatoratthehealthfacility,thenewlyrefurbishedcentertreated35,356childrenlastyear."Wescreenedatotalof34,784children,1,422childrenweretreatedwithseveremalnutritionand74werehospitalizedlastyear,"Ahmedsaid.

  

  蒋超良:画好最大同心圆 汇聚强大正能量

 
责编:
头条>正文

悲怆!泉州这个“皇妈宫”竟见证了南宋太后的殉国史

2019-05-26 19:58 | 泉州通 | 手机看国搜 | 打印 | 收藏 |评论 | 扫描到手机
缩小 放大

核心提示:每遇王朝崩垮、朝代更迭之时,往往充溢着各种悲怆、哀婉的故事。泉州“皇妈宫”就见证一位了一位南宋太后的殉国悲史。

慈元行宫大殿上方高悬“南宋母仪”匾额

核心提示

崖山之役,南宋杨太后不肯苟活求生,投海殉国;晋江塔头刘村开基祖以忠义守节为念,设神位供奉杨太后,子孙秉志建成慈元行宫;太后崇拜流入越南,南宋国母竟成海神……□泉州晚报记者 吴拏云 通讯员 郑冰芳 文/图

不改成色的奇崛人物

每遇王朝崩垮、朝代更迭之时,往往充溢着各种悲怆、哀婉的故事,汉、唐、宋、明,莫不如是。一些奇崛高古的人物,也常会在这样的时期脱颖而出,如岳飞、文天祥、黄道周等。曾以“离地露根的兰花”来暗示亡国遗民哀痛心境的南宋画家郑思肖,高呼“不知今日月,但梦宋山川”之时,历史的定格,便多在这样的瞬间,且任凭岁月冲刷,不改成色。

在泉州有一处鲜为人知的宫庙,这里同样缄封着一段历史的血泪悲歌,定格住了一位奇女子面对沧海横流的刚毅身影。奇的是,这位女子日后竟被越南民众视为海神,奉祀至今。这座宫庙就是晋江东石镇塔头刘村的“慈元行宫”(俗称“皇妈宫”),这位奇女子便是在南宋末“崖山之役”里殉国的杨太后。

与众不同的“皇妈宫”

塔头刘村居住的都是刘氏人家。迈入塔头慈元行宫,你能迅速地感受到这座庙宇的与众不同。主殿之上,高悬着“宋慈元皇太后”、“南宋母仪”匾额,分明地告知这里所祀的主神与皇太后有关。整座行宫栋宇聿新,华堂高筑,气象堂皇,又犹存太古之风。神龛之内帡幪之中的塑像若隐若现,难识其面。龛前还放置着两座辇轿,里面分别端坐着“宋昺帝”和“慈元皇太后”。殿中有柱联写着“三载帘垂志吞羯虏,两朝主幼力护圣躬”、“翘节崖山母仪不朽,奉神塔海世代长光”。

屹立于塔江江畔的“慈元塔”

宫内墙上有碑刻《慈元行宫甲子重建记》,据塔头刘村的老年人协会会长刘荣谋介绍,碑文是该村刘氏十六世裔孙、举人刘云路于清同治六年(1867年)所撰。在碑文的开头部分便直截了当地点明了该宫庙祀奉的主神的来历:“塔江慈元行宫者,祀宋殉节厓山慈元杨太后者也。”厓山即今广东崖山,而“杨太后”据查其原名为杨巨良,浙江淳安人,是宋度宗的贵妃(淑妃)、宋端宗赵昰的生身母亲。其父杨瑞芝,曾中进士,官至兵部侍郎使,后以女贵,进封燕国公。

忠诚守节成为祖训

在这位杨太后身上到底发生了什么事?她在崖山殉节,为什么会被刘氏奉祀于晋江东石的塔头刘村内?这从《塔江刘氏族谱》中都能得到解答。

明朝首辅叶向高撰写的《忠烈祠碑记》收录于族谱中

塔江刘氏宗祠为硬山顶砖木石建筑,三开间二进。前落三川脊顶、双塌寿,石构门墙,有青石夔龙窗、影雕花鸟腰堵、白石浮雕麒麟裙堵等装饰,檐下木构牌楼,梁裙、雀替、吊筒雕刻彩画甚工。门廊有柱联:“远从北里分宗派,近自东楼肇本基”。

主殿侧墙贴满红色“契约”书

刘村的《塔江刘氏族谱》始修于明万历年间(1573—1620年),后又数历重修,现存有清刻古本。据塔头刘村老年人协会秘书长刘贤款介绍,《塔江刘氏族谱》共有13本之多。在《塔江刘氏族谱总图》卷中,我们发现收录有明朝首辅叶向高撰写的《忠烈祠碑记》以及明朝礼部主事、中书舍人吕图南所作的《塔江刘氏族谱叙》,珍贵异常。

从族谱上的记载来看,塔头刘村(也称刘厝)的开基祖是南宋时护驾杨太后和宋幼主南行的朝散大夫、行军令史刘拓。

宋德祐二年(1276年),蒙元攻陷临安,恭宗被掳北去,益王赵昰继位于福州,封杨淑妃为慈元杨太后。尔后,端宗赵昰与杨太后,以及弟弟赵昺,南下泉州,怎料招抚使蒲寿庚闭关拒驾。刘拓之父、福建招抚使刘仝祖勤王兵败后,自缢身亡。由于忠心耿耿、守节不移,他与妻兄林同二人被后人共祀于“忠烈祠”中。

杨太后与二幼主继续南逃广东。时值兵荒马乱,刘拓由福清东北故里打算潜至漳州,道经泉州时,改变主意,“遂止于泉之晋之塔江焉”(隐居于晋江塔江东楼一带)。刘荣谋表示,刘拓在塔江隐姓埋名,教书为生,生有三子。所以,现在塔头刘氏共分三房。

景炎三年(1278年),端宗赵昰惊病交加,在碙洲去世。端宗死后,朝臣江万载、陆秀夫等人拥赵昺为卫王。1279年,因被元兵逼迫,无处躲逃,丞相陆秀夫负卫王赵昺在崖山投海自尽,随行10多万军民亦相继跳海。卫王赵昺时年8岁,是宋朝最后一位帝王。

杨太后听闻赵昺与陆秀夫投海悲讯后,痛哭曰:“前九主,后九主,嗟南北之相符;亡一君,立一君,尽心力而后已。今无复望,甘填精卫之冤;义感全师,尽守屈原之节。”(见《慈元行宫甲子重建记》)表达了她不愿辜负君、国而苟活于世,愿像屈原一样守节而终的志气。“遂投海殉国,懿寿36岁”。

当刘拓获悉杨太后和幼主投海身亡一事,悲愤欲绝,于是“爰塑主母之神,少效臣职;用示继绳之后,共尽忠心”,设杨太后与帝昺神位供奉的同时,也教育子孙要忠诚守节。后来,刘氏子孙在塔头建起“慈元行宫”(即“皇妈宫”),数百年来香火奉祀。其开基祖刘拓的“行军令史”铜印,亦被保存迄今。

殉国气节折服民心

据介绍,目前在中国,仅有三处奉祀杨太后的宫祠。除了晋江塔头“慈元行宫”外,还有一处在广东崖山,该祠名为“慈元庙”,另外一处则是台湾鹿港镇海埔厝庆安宫。每年农历四月初四,晋江塔头都会举办慈元皇太后生辰庆典,后来又演变为“慈元文化节”,用以纪念这位以身殉国的南宋太后。

刘贤款翻阅刘氏族谱,寻找刘氏修建慈元行宫的记载。

在《慈元行宫甲子重建记》一文中,刘云路称赞杨太后:“问历朝之国母,孰比行芳?增两粤之山川,更因人重。”认为杨太后的气节,足以使南宋后期某些气骨衰弊的叛臣相形见绌。

经过历代以来的修缮,如今的塔头“慈元行宫”美轮美奂、金碧辉煌,它与屹立于塔江江畔的“慈元塔”(古称虎啸塔)相互辉映,已成为该村的一大美景。

另外在塔头“慈元行宫”内,记者还注意到一件有趣的事:在主殿左侧墙上贴满红色“契约”书,其内容大致都是村中某孩童要拜皇太后娘娘为“谊母”。塔头刘村村支书刘永进笑着说,自古以来,村里哪家的孩子如果长得比较瘦弱或者多病,就会来这拜“皇妈”,与“皇妈”结个缘,讨个平安吉祥,久而久之渐成一种民俗。在村民的心目中,“皇妈”无疑是最重要的庇护神之一。

异域海神再添传奇

崖山之役或许是宋王朝的终结,但与大宋烈魂有关的传说并未就此画上句号。慈元杨太后在身故数十年后,竟出人意料地成了越南地区的“海神”。

据中山大学历史系教授牛军凯在其论文《“海为无波”:越南海神南海四位圣娘的传说与信仰》中称,“南海四位圣娘”是越南的重要海神,其人物原型是中国宋朝末年的杨太后及其两位女儿(公主)、一位侍女。文章称,在中国绝大多数官方史籍中,没有提到杨太后曾生有公主之事,但香港地区有关于杨太后女儿的传说,据康熙版《新安县志》载,在官富山(今属香港九龙地区)有“金夫人墓,在耿墓侧,相传慈元后女晋国公主溺死,铸金身以葬,熔铁锢之”。

为什么杨太后会成为海神?部分越南史籍称,杨太后和宋朝公主投海后,其尸首漂流至越南义安省琼瑠县大乾海口,“衣服容貌完然如生,皆惊以为神,于是相率封葬,立祠奉事”。牛军凯的研究称,杨太后及公主在乾海门被祭祀后,逐渐成为越南清化、义安地区的重要神祇。其首次官方接受和册封是在越南陈朝英宗时期(1293—1314年)。高春育本《大南一统志》载:“兴隆二十年(1312年),英宗亲征占城,舟抵乾海门,夜梦神人曰,妾赵宋妃子,为贼所逼,困于风涛至此,上帝敕为海神久矣,今愿赞圣功以杀贼。继觉,乃命致祭启行,海为无波,直抵闍盘城。大捷,及还,命加封赠国家南海大乾圣娘……”阮炳《南洋四位圣娘谱录》说,黎圣宗曾加封神祇为“国母皇婆大乾国家南海四位圣娘”。据《乌州近录》记载:“凡远近商卖人等船过海,倘遇风波尤迫,恳祷呼吸之间,果遂平安,至今随处海口,创祠以祭。此南海福神之最灵者也。”一段时间内,四位圣娘甚至是越南民间影响最大的神灵。

在越南,杨太后成为被供奉的“四大天后”之一,保佑出海平安,可见杨太后崇拜已经融入了越南文化之中。其实不只是“杨太后”走出了国门,在东南亚还有“三忠宫”奉祀着文天祥、陆秀夫和张世杰。牛军凯认为,这是中国文化向东南亚传播发展的案例,揭示了“海上丝绸之路也是文化交流之路”的重要内涵。

明天启元年(1621年),吕图南在其所撰的《塔江刘氏族谱叙》中称:“天之爱中国也,虽当闰置腥浊之日,常留忠义之正气,以至于镌金裂石而使人奋;而天之爱忠臣义士也,虽当国破家亡之日,亦当常留如缀之一线,以至于丰枝茂干而使人思。”字字珠玑,引人深省。

正所谓,“一代兴亡史,千秋节概风”,南宋文天祥、陆秀夫、杨太后等留下的这股忠义之气,显然并没随着年月的逝去而淡去,相反,它还会在人心之中慢慢聚集、氤氲如盖。

我要评论已有条评论,共人参与

最热评论

刷新

    更多阅读

    点击加载更多

    热点直击

    今日TOP10

    猜你喜欢

    旅游热点新闻

    网友还在搜

    热点推荐

    扫码关注中国搜索官方微信
    扫码关注中国搜索官方微信
    花石乡 泰来 闸前街 东方大学城丫咪食街 金州开发区管委会
    三雷镇 霞园 保亭 富彩道 金域中央